IVMS and law enforcement – where should the line be drawn?

IVMS is not police equipmentSimply put, IVMS is not police equipment. So what is the difference?

Police equipment is highly calibrated and certified equipment that needs to stand up in a court of law on a single event, IVMS is simply not made for that. GPS (the heart of any IVMS system)  can be affected by a number natural factors in the environment, for more information refer to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Positioning_System#Accuracy_enhancement_and_surveying .

So how should IVMS be used and has IVMS been used in court cases? IVMS certainly can and has been used in court cases, but it is more based on a ‘pattern of behaviour’ than on a single incidence. Whereas police radar is accurate every time, IVMS equipment indicates a pattern of behaviour from where a legal conclusion can be made. Here is an example for recorded speed measurements:

If we look at speed detection, 10 seconds apart, shown as:

60  61  60  63  62  89  61 64 68

then there is at least some chance that the 89 was an error (known as a “GPS jump”, or as a temporary loss of signal), as very few drivers would within 20 seconds accelerate from 62km/h to 89km/h and then back to 61 km/h.

If however we get the following, then things change:

60  61  60  63  62  89  91 87 89

The benefit of the doubt can be removed in this case, as the driver has shown a speed in excess of 80km/h for 40 seconds – it can no longer be attributed to a short term, external interference.

Even if the IVMS unit was accurate throughout the readings obtained in the first instance, then consideration needs to be given to the fact that temporary road conditions (such as passing a long truck) may have necessitated the driver to accelerate to a speed well over the speed limit. This aspect has been an ongoing point of dispute in courts and our advice to our IVMS customers would be to avoid the point by always allowing for reason and to look at a trend, rather than a single occurrence.

DigiCore Australia has the ability to provide our customers with long term trend data: we can go back for several years and show how, for instance, seat belt usage at a particular site has changed, or how a speed limit enforcement program has succeeded – contact us for more information.